ADHD is a childhood disorder and affects children who are less then seven years old. The main symptoms of the disorder are impulsiveness, hyperactivity and inattention. Since almost all children at some stage of their life are impulsive or inattentive it becomes difficult to make an accurate ADHD assessment.
Thanks to research, it has now been established that there are three types of ADHD patients: the hyperactive-impulsive type, the inattentive type and the inattentive-hyperactive-impulsive type. This classification is based on the dominant aspect of a child’s behavior.
It is for the parents or the teachers to recognize these symptoms. Generally, a child who is inattentive is unlikely to be hyperactive-impulsive. But there are some children who suffer from both the symptoms. The symptoms become more apparent over a period of six months to one year.
A hyperactive child finds it difficult to focus on a single subject. Such a child also finds it difficult to sit in a single place for more than an hour, and takes impulsive actions without thinking about the results. On the playfield such children are generally aggressive and overtly active. It is for the parents or teacher to assess how natural is the child’s behavior. Is it symptomatic of the disease or is it that a child is naturally impulsive?
The reverse is true of a child suffering from an inattentive type of ADHD. Such a child may go completely unnoticed because he sits quietly. Such children also face difficulty in grasping things at school and home. Once again, it is the parent who is the best judge to assess what is wrong, and seek necessary treatment.
The final assessment must be left to a specialist because there are chances that a normal child can be mistaken for an ADHD child and a child actually suffering from the disorder can tend to be overlooked. The child must then be supported at every step.