ADHD or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a common childhood disorder. Statistics show that one among every 25-30 children in the US suffers from ADHD. This is a very large number, and needs careful handling.
There is always a chance that if these children are not treated during their childhood they can carry their symptoms into adulthood as well. Almost 70% of the adult ADHD cases recorded have suffered from childhood ADHD.
ADHD symptoms are most prevalent in children who are less than seven to eight years old. Their symptoms become pronounced over a period of six months to a year. However, it must be noted that not all children who are impulsive or restless suffer from ADHD.
The main symptoms of ADHD are inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsiveness. Based on these symptoms, ADHD children are classified as hyperactive type, inattentive type and the impulsive –hyperactive inattentive type. There are a few children who show all the symptoms. Also, the symptoms displayed by a child depend on the surroundings and situations. One can expect a different response in school and at home for the same problem.
There is no single cause that has been found responsible for ADHD. A child is likely to be a victim of ADHD if the mother consumes alcohol or smokes during pregnancy. Similarly, children with ADHD in the family are likely to suffer from it. Traumatic brain injuries caused in accidents in the early years of a child’s life have also been found to be responsible in a few cases.
It is important that teachers and parents should provide emotional support to the children. Their understanding and care can reduce the daily problems faced by an ADHD child to a great degree.
Till today there is no cure for ADHD. Controlled dosage of stimulants is usually prescribed as medication. It helps in controlling the symptoms to some extent. But it needs to be backed with counseling and behavioral therapy for better results.