While gastric bypass can be a life saving procedure for individuals unable to lose weight any other way, it is not without substantial and lifelong medical implications. Gastric bypass changes the digestive system permanently, regardless of the type of gastric bypass performed. Medical implications of gastric bypass include vitamin deficiencies, long-term digestive difficulties, including gas, vomiting and bowel irregularities, as well as surgical risks and complications.
Risks and medical implications of gastric bypass will in part depend upon the type of surgery selected. Surgical recovery is often easiest after the laparoscopic procedure, since the incision size is massively reduced. Moreover, laparoscopic gastric bypass recovery is typically faster, allowing for a reduction in long term medical implications from extended recovery.
Gastric bypass can be a chance at a new life for those suffering from morbid obesity, offering a chance to improve or resolve many health conditions caused by obesity. Those individuals who choose gastric bypass surgery do need to be aware that they will need lifelong vitamin and mineral supplementation to make up for the body’s reduced ability to absorb nutrients from food.
Other medical implications of gastric bypass surgery include hernias, gallstones, dehydration, cold or heat intolerance, nausea and vomiting. Flatulence is also common after gastric bypass surgery. Food intolerances, particularly to fatty foods, may be a problem for life. These risks should be carefully considered when deciding on gastric bypass surgery. That said, for individuals dealing with morbid obesity, the medical implications of the surgery are well worth accepting in order to have a chance at a new life.